This section describes a possible general pre-processing workflow using some of the tools provided by OGS.
To set up a model domain, the project file
*.prj requires additional input files for the mesh and geometry to apply the boundary conditions accordingly.
The mesh must be provided in VTK’s
*.vtu format, whereas the geometry can be provided either in OGS’ internal
*.gml file format (not to be confused with the Geography Markup Language) or as a
*.vtu file as well, containing boundary elements only (Multiple
*.vtu files can be provided in the project file using the
<meshes> tag). We recommend the usage of the first method for simple 2D meshes with constant boundary conditions, whereas more complicated geometries and conditions might require the latter method. One general advantage in the utilization of
*.vtu files is that they allow a definition of additional field variables at each mesh node/element in order to implement spatially varying boundary conditions in a similar manner as defining inhomogeneous material properties.
The finite-element mesh must be created using external mesh generators. Simple meshes can be created using the generateStructuredMesh tool. More complicated geometries can be generated and meshed using the SALOME Platform or GMSH.
To use a mesh created by SALOME it must be converted to the GMSH file format first. To exchange mesh files between SALOME and GMSH one can use the
*.unv file format. Finally, the tool GMSH2OGS can be used for the creation of
*.vtu files (Attention: GMSH2OGS currently accepts the GMSH v2. ASCII format only. It might be also necessary to use the
-e option to exclude lines before using the mesh files in OGS).
To extract a surface mesh (in order to define appropriate boundary conditions) one can use the tool ExtractSurface for different kinds of 3D meshes. If you are using a different tool (e.g. paraview), keep in mind that the dimensions of the boundary mesh need to be
d is the dimension of the bulk mesh (i.e.
types cell properties need to be set correctly in the unstructured grid file).